12. What type of maps on earthquake exist?

Broadly speaking maps used to tackle earthquake issues are of different types:

  • Scientific maps: scientific description of the geological structure and seismic details (type of geology, faults, peak ground acceleration zones, hazard maps, macroseismic maps showing impacts of past earthquakes, land morphology, etc.);
  • Emergency maps: describing the affected areas, the elements at risk, the escape ways, etc.;
  • Land planning maps: describing usages and policies that have to be given to the different land areas;
  • Risks and resources community-made maps: elaborated by local communities (schools, organizations) in order to acquire and spread the knowledge of the area, the awareness of the associated risks and of the existing resources (civil protection forces, meeting areas, safe sites, etc.).
Map of seismic hazard for the Near East region, expressing Peak Ground Acceleration expected at 10% probability of exceedance in 50 years, produced jointly by GSHAP and the UNESCO/USGS RELEMR project . Compilation of the GSHAP regional seismic hazard for Europe, Africa and the Middle East G. Grünthal, C. Bosse (GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Germany), S. Sellami, D. Mayer-Rosa & D. Giardini (ETH Zurich, Switzerland) Source: http://www.seismo.ethz.ch

In general these different types of maps are available from:

  • Local authorities: Municipality, Prefectures, Civil Protection.
  • Universities, science centres and seismic institutes/observatories.
  • Local citizen organizations.

Information restrictions:

In some cases the access to some of the themes covered by emergency maps can be restricted as some of the information (such as locations of banks, large strategic infrastructure, military sites, insurance, industry, etc. …) has to be managed only by authorities and operational structures in case of crisis.

The 8 January 2006 Earthquake (Mw 6.7) Offshore Kythira Island, Southern Greece: Seismological, Strong-motion, and Macroseismic Observations of an Intermediate-depth Event Konstantinos I. Konstantinou, Ioannis S. Kalogeras, Nikolaos S. Melis, Moissis C. Kourouzidis, and George N. Stavrakakis Source: National Observatory of Athens (http://www.gein.noa.gr)
The Macroseismic intensity and the isoseismal map of the 26/12/2003 Bam earthquake, Iran Source: Bam (SE Iran) earthquake of 26 December 2003, Mw6.5: A Preliminary Reconnaissance Report Dr Sassan Eshghi1 and Dr Mehdi Zaré2 International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, http://www.iiees.ac.ir